This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Many cross the border intonearby Rwanda and become refugees therewith little food, water or clothes. In , most of the refugees entered through Goma between July 14 and 17, and the cholera epidemic began almost immediately. Home Explore Case study of a Volcanic eruption: Most people left the city by foot and their passage eastwards over the border to Rwanda was unimpeded. Two types of lava eruption are hypothesized by scientists.

Nevertheless, most of those who left got away before late evening. Societal risk assessment and planning. International humanitarian aid to the Palestinians. User-managed public health promotion in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. The evacuation route for most people living on the south flank of Nyiragongo would be through Goma. New aid workers are warned by older and wiser colleagues never to give cash to beneficiaries.

Human health and vulnerability in the Nyiragongo volcano crisis DR Congo Jun 2002

The nyitagongo of deaths in both scenarios needs to be balanced, with the scales weighing more heavily in favour of evacuation if the NGO’s are prepared sufficiently to cope Appendix 2. Submit Content Share information through ReliefWeb to better inform humanitarians worldwide.

Chlorination stations were rapidly reintroduced by the lakeside, the main source of water to Goma. A visit to the town of Masisi was made to learn more about the impact of ash falls from the volcanoes on human and animal health.

Why did aid agencies ignore all their rhetoric about responding to the needs of people, and just give what they thought the people needed, not what they said they wanted? What were the Primary atudy of a volcanic18 hrs: However, Goma is built on its previous lava flows a major one has been dated yr BP. A hazard assessment was conducted by volcanologists9 and reported by Tazieff in a letter to Nature: In the villages people can walk many kilometres a day to fetch water from water supply points standing pipes, bladders volcanno trucks and Lake Kivu maximum distance between the lake and farthest dwellings is about 15 km.

The threat of an underwater volcanic eruption causing a violent outpouring of gases was considered by Tuttle, Lockwood and Evans in a USGS Open File Report following a brief field visit to the lake by the authors in and it was not published. It also caused methane gas http: The risks of moving the population out of Goma to reduce the loss of life in an eruption have to be balanced against the risks to life from infectious disease, malnutrition and violence that are likely to accompany a mass exodus.


The case for cash: Goma after the Nyiragongo eruption – ODI HPN

Until the latest eruption, the hazard of Nyiragongo was thought to be limited to nyiragono hydrostatic pressure of vopcano lava lake and the risk of breaching the thin wall of the crater. You can publish your book online for free in a few minutes! Who could ever tell that someone had gone round twice, or that a family was represented at three different distribution points?

New aid workers are warned by older and wiser colleagues never to give cash to beneficiaries.

nyiragongo volcano case study

Location Maps – Country maps for your reports and presentations. Developing minimum standards for education in emergencies.

nyiragongo volcano case study

Work projects could have folcano the work ethic. The fear of giving cash New aid workers are warned by older and wiser colleagues never to give cash to beneficiaries. The people of Goma were clearly right: The risk of death and injury from the volcano has to be weighed against the risk from other causes of loss of life due to the vulnerability of the population to daily threats from violence, malnutrition and endemic infectious diseases.

The high carbon dioxide levels emitted at these sites were confirmed Fig. The economic activity which the programme revived, based on carpenters and builders, sent a buzz through the whole town and demonstrated clearly what a difference the reintroduction of wages made to the economy.

Case study of a Volcanic eruption : Mt. Nyiragongo

Houses in Goma have latrines dug into the ancient lava flows from Nyiragongo on which the city is built. Forecasts and warnings are not likely to be acted upon by the population in the present political and humanitarian crisis. Emergency supplies of food BP5 – dried food and biscuits for three to five stuxy had not been stockpiled before the eruption. These and subsequent events have been reported and debated in the medical literature and a discussion of the issues involved is necessary here as they are highly relevant to the volcanic stuy assessment.


Relief agencies may be very reluctant, on valid safety grounds, to enter Goma to provide chlorinated water supplies, in which case the risk of cholera outbreaks will be high in this scenario. As aid responses go, Goma was not badly served.

Volcanoes – Edexcel – Revision 7 – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize

The town is a busy commercial centre, a hive of economic activity and the main point of entry for goods from the outside world for much of eastern Congo.

A risk assessment should ideally be completed before the end of The scientific monitoring and evaluation work will all be useless unless the lines of communication between the GVO scientists, foreign scientists and the appropriate officials, plus the local people, are all in place, and a satisfactory method of warning the people exists in the event of an impending future eruption.

The old lava rock is porous and the potential for the drainage of latrines to flow into the ground soil and then into the lake requires further investigation. Home Explore Case study studh a Volcanic eruption: In particular, a huge school rebuilding programme generated budgets, employment and an explosion of small workshops making desks and chairs. The earliest European explorers were drawn to the red glow of its crater against the night sky, and an expedition eventually forged a way through almost impenetrable vegetation to reach the summit in